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BeProtected Glossary

This section helps explain the meanings of some words you may see on when considering which life insurance is best for you.

DISCLAIMER: This intention of this information is to provide a guide only and does not form part of a contract. 



An event resulting in bodily injury occurring whilst the policy is in force, where the injury is directly and solely caused by accidental, violent and external means and where the injury is not self-inflicted.

Accidental death

Death occurring as a direct result of an accident which took place while the life insured was covered under the policy and where death occurs within 90 days of the accident.

Accidental serious injury

Blindness, deafness or total and permanent loss of use of two limbs, occurring as a direct result of an accident and where the injury occurs within 12 months of the accident.


A term interchangeable with insurance but generally used in connection with life cover as assurance implies the certainty of an event and insurance the probability.

Bacterial meningitis

A definite diagnosis of bacterial meningitis resulting in permanent neurological deficit with persisting clinical symptoms. For the above definition, the following are not covered: all forms of meningitis other than those caused by bacterial infection.


Permanent and irreversible loss of sight to the extent that even when tested with the use of visual aids, vision is measured at 3/60 or worse in the better eye using a Snellen chart.


Any malignant tumour positively diagnosed with histological confirmation and characterised by the uncontrolled growth of malignant cells and invasion of tissue. The term malignant tumour includes leukaemia, sarcoma and lymphoma except cutaneous lymphoma (lymphoma confined to the skin). For the above definition, the following are classified as less advanced cases and are not covered under the policy: all cancers which are histologically classified as any of the following:

Cooling off period

The period of time immediately after your policy commences, during which you can cancel the policy for a full refund of any premiums paid.

Compensation Scheme

Many financial products & services fall within the scope of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS). This means you can seek reimbursement if you lose money because of a firm's negligence or fraud & the firm has gone out of business.

Coronary artery bypass surgery

The undergoing of surgery requiring median sternotomy (surgery to divide the breastbone) on the advice of a Consultant Cardiologist to correct narrowing or blockage of one or more coronary arteries with by-pass grafts.


Permanent and irreversible loss of hearing to the extent that the loss is greater than 95 decibels across all frequencies in the better ear using a pure tone audiogram.


A definite diagnosis of encephalitis by a Consultant Neurologist resulting in permanent neurological deficit with persisting clinical symptoms. For the above definition the following is not covered: myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome.

Family Plan

This plan applies if there is a key life insured and:

Financial Conduct Authority (FCA)

The Financial Conduct Authority – known as the FCA, regulates the financial services industry in the UK. Their aim is to protect consumers, ensure the industry remains stable and promote healthy competition between financial services providers (

Financial Ombudsman Service (FOS)

The FOS was set up as a result of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 and acts as an independent public body. It helps to settle individual disputes between consumers and businesses providing financial services whilst maintaining impartiality.  It is a free service to consumers (

Financial Services Authority (FSA)

The FSA has now become two separate regulatory authorities; the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority.

Heart attack

Death of heart muscle, due to inadequate blood supply, that has resulted in all of the following evidence of acute myocardial infarction:

Inheritance Tax (IHT)

This is a tax on all the assets held in your estate on your death and in some cases on gifts made during your lifetime. The IHT rate on death is 40% for the UK tax year 2012-13.


In respect of a life insured means the insurance benefit amount(s) that have been applied for by the policy owner and accepted by Scottish Friendly Assurance as indicated on the schedule.

Insured child

In respect of the optional Children’s cover means a financially dependent child of the key life insured and/or partner life insured and the child named in the schedule.


Cannot be reasonably improved upon by medical treatment and/or surgical procedures used by the National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom (or if appropriate, the equivalent to the NHS if the insured event occurs in another country) at the time of the claim.

Joint plan

This plan applies if there is a key life insured and a partner life insured as detailed on the schedule.

Key life insured

A person named in the schedule as the key life insured.


The non-renewal of a policy for any reason.

Life insured

The key life insured and, if applicable, the partner life insured and, if applicable, in respect of Children’s cover only, an insured child.

Loss of hands or feet

Permanent physical severance of any combination of two or more hands or feet at or above the wrist or ankle joints.

Medical specialist

A person who:


The failure by the insured to disclose a material fact or circumstance to the underwriter before acceptance of the risk.


Total and irreversible loss of muscle function to the whole of any two limbs.

Partner life insured

A person named in the schedule as the partner life insured. A partner may be a legal spouse, civil partner or common law partner of the key life insured and may be of the same gender as the key life insured.


Expected to last throughout life with no prospect of improvement, irrespective of when the cover ends or the life insured expects to retire.


The legal contract between the policy owner and the Provider. The Policy Terms and Conditions, your application, any future application accepted by the insurer, the statement of fact, the current schedule, and any special conditions, amendments, or endorsements make up the policy.

Policy Document

A contract of insurance between the insurer and the policy owner. It usually consists of the policy Terms and Conditions and a policy Schedule which is provided to the policy owner upon purchasing the policy.

Policy anniversary

The anniversary of the date on which your first premium payment for this policy was requested.

Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA)

The Prudential Regulation Authority – known as the PRA, is a part of the Bank of England and responsible for the regulation and supervision of banks, building societies, credit unions, insurers and major investment firms. It sets standards and supervises financial institutions.


The amount of money you pay to secure your insurance cover. You must maintain your premium payments if you wish to maintain the cover.

Aged based premium: Only pay for cover you need today. Premiums reflect your current age at the time of the policy start and at each renewal.

Guaranteed premium: Term used to indicate that the premiums for an insurance policy do not change over the term of the policy. By taking a policy with guaranteed premiums you’ll know exactly what your monthly premiums will be for the full length of the contract. The only reasons that guaranteed premiums may change is if you change your amount of cover or if you have an index-linked policy (increasing benefit policy).

Reviewable premium: Specifies that insurance premiums will be reviewed at pre-determined times from a policy start date. Normally insurers will review premiums every five years however some companies do review them annually. With reviewable premiums, your payments may increase, stay the same or decrease after the company makes the review. The advantage of reviewable premiums is that the cost may start lower than a guaranteed rate.


This is the process whereby the estate (property, money and possessions) of a deceased person is settled. Probate is given by authority of the court to person(s) to administer and settle the deceased's estate. The person(s) who administer the estate are referred to as the executor(s) and must obtain formal documentation in order to deal with the estate. In most cases, probate is obtained via a solicitor who acts on behalf of the executors however it is possible to do it without a solicitor. The executor will usually swear an affidavit (executor's oath) to identify matters such as the estate value. This is presented to the Probate Registry along with the probate fee and the deceased's will. Due to work involved, probate fee and solicitor fees, handling probate can take be a timely and costly practice. When writing a life insurance policy, it is possible to bypass probate by writing the policy into trust.


The schedule to this policy, or any replacement schedule, issued by Be Protected and showing the details of the cover provided by this Policy.

Single plan

This plan applies if the key life insured is the only person detailed on the schedule.

Smoker Status

Insurers will give a lower premium rate to buyers who do not smoke or use tobacco. If you smoked in the past, most insurers will consider you a non-smoker if you have not smoked for one year prior to applying for cover. (Does not apply to Guaranteed Life Insurance or Personal Accident Insurance)

Start date

The date an application for a life insured is accepted by us and cover starts as set out in your schedule. If changes are made to your policy after the start date, these changes and any applicable waiting periods are effective from the date of the change.

Statement of fact

A statement of the information supplied by you, and if applicable the partner life insured, on which your policy is based.


Death of brain tissue due to inadequate blood supply or haemorrhage within the skull resulting in permanent neurological deficit with persisting clinical symptoms. For the above definition, the following are not covered:

Term Life Insurance

Life Insurance protection for a limited number of years (the term); expiring without value if the insured survives the stated period.

Terminal illness

A definite diagnosis by the attending medical specialist of an illness that satisfies both of the following:

the illness either has no known cure or has progressed to the point where it cannot be cured; and

in the opinion of the attending medical specialist, the illness is expected to lead to death within 12 months.

Total and permanent loss of use of two limbs

Complete and irrecoverable loss of the use of two limbs through injury.

Traumatic head injury

Death of brain tissue due to traumatic injury resulting in permanent neurological deficit with persisting clinical symptoms.


A Trust is an arrangement which allows designated trustees to administer the pay-out from a life insurance policy in the event of the death of the life assured. The process of a trust is that in the event of the death of the grantee (policyholder), the life insurance trust is passed to the trustees, the policy then pays out to the trust and then finally the money is distributed accordingly by the trustees. The three main advantages of writing a life insurance policy in trust are to:


Underwriting is a term used to describe the process of assessing insurance risk prior to issuing a policy. It usually takes the form of questions about your occupation, medical history and current pastimes/activities. Underwriting is designed to ensure the premiums and cover terms for your insurance plan are appropriate for your own medical situation, lifestyle, occupation and pursuits.

United Kingdom

England, Northern Ireland, Scotland or Wales.

Waiver of premium

Sometimes this option is included within the product you buy. Generally speaking, if you become disabled or ill & unable to work for a set deferred period - usually 6 months, the insurance company will pay the premiums for you, but only for a limited period which would be defined.

Waiting period

The amount of time the life insured has to wait before being eligible for a benefit amount to be payable.

Whole of life Insurance

A policy that you can keep all your life (providing you continuously pay your premiums). Many insurance companies design products that build up a cash sum as well, so they are often treated as investment based products. In later life many people take out these plans as a way of paying for their funeral – sometimes known as a "funeral expenses plan".

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